When I graduated from college the first time, I was so sick of school that I remember saying that I would never again go back to school. With my bachelor's degree in hand, I started working in a call center for a large financial services company for $35,000/year plus bonuses and overtime. It wasn't long before I noticed a trend among senior people in the organization. I noticed that for everyone at the director level or higher had either worked their way up to that level over the course of 15-20 years at the company, or had gotten there within 5 years of completing an MBA. This realization caused me to retract my earlier statements about never going back to school and instead start to do research on MBA programs and gather a lot of information from people who had earned their MBA's.
I decided to get an MBA part-time and was able to do so without taking out any student loans. There aren't many things I would change in the way that I approached business school, but every situation is different. If you're considering an MBA there are a few things you should consider that I'll weigh in on here.
What do you want an MBA to do for you?
Make more money, right? When you apply to most business schools, they'll typically ask you why you want to get an MBA. Let me give you a hint: Making more money is not the right answer. More money may be a natural byproduct of other decisions, but what most business schools are looking for is for you to be able to have a clear career goal and to recognize how an MBA will help you reach that career goal. In my case, I knew that I wanted to switch careers, but that it would be difficult to do so without going back to school. I wanted to either transition from the customer facing side of financial services to the investment management side of the business, or to leave the industry entirely and work in corporate finance (the route I eventually went). As you begin to grow your career, it becomes harder and harder to switch to new paths but going back to school for an MBA gives you another chance since many companies recruit at schools with the understanding that you've learned enough to have the foundation necessary to start working in most any business function
What is your current career path without an MBA?
Before you go and drop tens of thousands of dollars on an advanced degree, you should take time to evaluate your career. Have you advanced as you hoped you would? If not, why? What are the long-term opportunities in your chosen profession? What level of income do you need to support your ideal lifestyle and is that attainable in your field? In my case, I didn't need to pursue an MBA to make more money, but did need it to be able to transition to a different function.
Does school choice matter?
Nowadays, an MBA from a top business school costs around $100,000 in tuition, but there are some schools where you can earn an MBA for a fraction of the cost. Is the difference worth it? There are varying opinions on this, but I generally agree that the more expensive schools can be worth the cost in certain circumstances. If you're just interested in getting the basic education that an MBA has, then most schools can meet that criteria and you probably don't need to shell out the money for the most expensive programs out there. If you're looking to have an MBA help you transition to a new industry or gain a position of influence in a large organization, then you probably need to consider a school that is well known, and frequently visited by recruiters. Also, there are some companies and industries that you have almost no chance of joining unless you are a top student at a top school (i.e. consulting and investment banking).
I have multiple friends who have received MBA's from schools with no prestige or brand recognition, expecting to graduate and get job offers similar to what you see in WSJ or US News & World Report rankings. I'm not sure how they thought that would happen, and they have since been disappointed as their MBA's have not helped them increase their income or get promoted. From an ROI perspective, the tuition was a bad investment.
On the other hand, an MBA from a well-known or prestigious school can give you access to deep alumni networks and open doors that may not be available to you otherwise. Case in point: at work, my department hires 4-6 interns each summer from hundreds of applicants. This summer, we have had an intern from Harvard and another from Yale. They didn't get the job based on the schools they are attending, but simply having Harvard and Yale on their resumes got them interviews, something that probably wouldn't have happened if they were from another school we weren't actively recruiting at.
When I was thinking about going to graduate school, I was introduced to a Harvard alumni who took me out to lunch. Over lunch, he said something that has stuck with me and highlights the power of a strong network and brand. Speaking about his job, he said "this is a pretty good job, but at the end of the day it's just a job. Because I went to Harvard, if I lost this job today I could have another job by tomorrow paying at least $250,000 a year." I was a bit turned off at his arrogance but have since learned that there is some truth to his statement. I didn't end up attending Harvard, but did go to a school that was highly ranked with global brand recognition. As a result, my professional network now includes highly ranked people in companies of all industries throughout the world.
(Side note – anyone remember this commercial? Totally reminds me of how that Harvard guy might have been at work)
Full-time or part-time?
When I was looking at going back to school, I was working for an employer that had a very generous tuition reimbursement program that paid up to $10,000 per year. Even without tuition reimbursement, between my wife and I we were making about $100k per year and it seemed feasible that we could budget to pay for school as I went if I went part-time. I knew that for me, the part-time track was going to be best and so I researched the top part-time programs and was fortunate to be able to transfer across the country to the same city as my top choice for business school. Unless you've saved a ton of cash or land scholarships that also cover living expenses, the part-time MBA is the only way I can think of to get an MBA without student loans.
If you think a part-time MBA is right for you there are a few things to consider.
Does the school you're looking to attend also offer a full-time MBA? Is a part-time MBA viewed as identical in rigor? You are selling yourself short if you go for a degree program that is easier, and you will not be as well prepared for a post MBA job search.
If considering an online option, what opportunities are available for group work and collaboration? Much of the value I got from business school was in the interaction with classmates in lectures and group work. Also, while online programs are gaining in popularity and are certainly attractive because of their relative cost, most recruiters I know will automatically dismiss a resume from a candidate with an online MBA (some employers will ignore part-time students even from top schools).
To what degree will you have access to on-campus recruiting? Some schools don't allow part-time students to access the same on-campus recruiting assets as full-time students. (For example - NYU part-time students do not have access to any on-campus recruiting).
What elective courses are available in the times that you will be able to attend? Some electives may only be taught during the day, which can be challenging if you are attempting to juggle work with school.
Will you be able to finish in a reasonable amount of time so that you aren't seen as having 'too much experience' by recruiters? Most recruiters on business school campuses are looking to candidates with 3-7 years of work experience. If you have too little, you're viewed as lacking business maturity and if you have too much people think there must be something wrong with you if aren't already at or above the pay grade and responsibility levels that they are recruiting for. I didn't really think about this when I started my MBA, and took five years to complete my degree. When it came time for me to look for jobs, I was right on the edge of having too much experience and I had grown my career and income to the point that I would have to take a pay cut to pursue any of the on-campus recruiting opportunities available.
When I first started my MBA, we had a friend who was finishing up law school at the same university. He had racked up around $200,000 in debt to earn his law degree and had a fabulous offer that would pay nearly $200,000 per year. The only problem was that the entire reason for him to go to law school was to work in a part of law that would only pay around $75,000 per year. $75,000 sounds like a decent income, but is swallowed up incredibly fast if you're trying to live in a large metro area and pay off nearly 3x your annual income in student loans. This was the first of many people I would meet throughout my time in business school where people would accumulate large amounts of debt and take jobs they knew they would hate, but do so because they could earn more.
What I've observed is that large student loans cloud your judgement. If you work hard and sacrifice to avoid student loans, you won't feel as pressured to do something you may regret simply to clean up you mess. When I got my first job after business school, I wasn't paid any more or any less than my peers who were hired with me, yet my income naturally went much farther since I didn't have any student loans to repay.
A Debt Free MBA is possible, but not without sacrifice
To anyone who asks, I always will share that I am glad I did it, but don't believe that for me it would have made sense to do it with student loans. Twice a year for five years we had to write checks for tuition ranging from $8,200 to $13,200, which was about 25% of our take home pay at first. Even with roughly half of the tuition being reimbursed, it took careful planning to make sure we had the cash for each semester.
To avoid student loans, we had to keep a careful watch on our expenses. Some examples of things we did to save money while in school:
- For years my packed lunch would be PB&J
- After selling a car to get out of debt faster, we remained a one-car family for several years and carpooled with each other every day
- We rarely ate out. By rare, I mean really rare. For all of 2009, we spent about $300 eating out including food on vacation or even little McDonalds trips
- We didn't spend much on entertainment. No theme parks, maybe once a year to the movies, only one football game per year (often with a free ticket)
- I didn't get a smartphone until 2011, and even then it was a pre-paid phone – my wife didn't get one until 2014
- We had our first child while in business school and dressed him almost entirely in consignment sale clothing (our kids still wear mostly consignment sale clothes)
- We didn't own a television for all 5 years of business school, so no cable bill either (our old TV set didn't make the move cross country and we never ended up buying a new one)
Personally, I wouldn't have done things any different, but I understand that everyone's situation is their own. Hopefully some of the things I've learned with the benefit of hind-sight can be helpful to you if you are facing similar decisions. I'm fortunate that I was able to attend a top business school and am just as proud of graduating without student debt as I am for graduating with honors. I initially took a pay cut to switch industries and functions, but have since recovered nearly all of the reduction now in the form of guaranteed salary instead of unpredictable commissions and bonuses. If you have any questions about business school or MBA's, feel free to reach out at: contact@diymoneystuff dot com.